Enrica Ruggs

Associate Professor

Enrica Ruggs


Enrica N. Ruggs, Ph.D., is an associate professor of management in the C. T. Bauer College of Business at the University of Houston. She received her Ph.D. in Industrial-Organizational Psychology from Rice University, and she is a proud alum of Prairie View A&M University. In her research she examines the manifestation of bias and discrimination to provide managers and HR practitioners with evidence-based management solutions regarding the development, implementation, and evaluation of policies and procedures. Her current research examines indicators of and factors related to subtle forms of workplace mistreatment against employees with stigmatized social identities, the outcomes of these behaviors, and strategies that individuals and organizations can engage in to combat and reduce discrimination. Additionally, she examines the experiences of minority employees to understand factors that influence job attitudes and psychological well-being. Her research appears in premier academic journals such as Journal of Applied Psychology and Journal of Management and practitioner journals such as MIT Sloan Management Review. Her work has also been featured in popular media outlets, such as the Bloomberg, New York Times, U.S. News & World Report, Business Insider, and Fortune.

Research Interests

  • Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion
  • Workplace Discrimination
  • Authenticity at Work
  • Stigmatized Employees

Selected Publications

  • Avery, D. R., Hall, A. V., Preston, M., Ruggs, E. N., & Washington, E. (in press). Is justice colorblind? A review of workplace racioethnic differences through the lens of organizational justice. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior.
  • Ruggs, E. N., Marshburn, C. K., Summerville, K. & Grenier, K. (in press). The struggle is real: Employee reactions to indirect trauma from anti-Black policing. Journal of Business and Psychology.
  • Ruggs, E. N. & Hebl, M. R. (2022). Do employees' tattoos leave a mark on customers' reactions to products and organizations? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 43(6), 965-982.
  • Yavorsky, J., Ruggs, E. N., & Dill, J. (2021). Gendered skills and unemployed men's resistance to "women's work." Gender, Work, & Organization, 28, 1524-1545.
  • Ruggs, E. N., Walker, S. S., & Corrington, A., Nittrouer, C. (2019). Say it loud, I'm Black and proud: The effectiveness of racial acknowledgments at work. Personnel Assessment and Decisions, 2, 1-11.
  • Ruggs, E. N., Ames Stuart, J., & Yang, L. W. (2018). The effect of traditionally marginalized groups in advertising on consumer response. Marketing Letters, 29, 319-335.
  • Lyons, B. J., Martinez, L. R., Ruggs, E. N., Hebl, M. R., Ryan, A. M., O'Brien, K. R., & Roebuck, A. (2018). To say or not to say: Different strategies of acknowledging a visible disability. Journal of Management, 44, 1980-2007.

Contact Info

MH 310F
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